Finance, Credit, Investments – Economical Categories

Scientific works in the ideas of finances and credit, in line with the specification of the study thing, are characterized to be many-sided and many-leveled. This is of totality of the economical relations shaped along the way of development, circulation and application of finances, as money options is widely spread. Like, in “the typical idea of finances” there are two explanations of Como Sair das Dívidas:

Finances reveal economical relations, development of the funds of money options, along the way of circulation and redistribution of national bills in line with the circulation and usage. This explanation is provided fairly to the situations of Capitalism, when cash-commodity relations get common figure;

Finances symbolize the forming of centralized advertising decentralized money options, economical relations fairly with the circulation and application, which serve for happiness of the state functions and obligations and also provision of the situations of the increased further production.

This explanation is produced without featuring the environmental surroundings of their action. We share partially such reason of finances and think expedient to make some specification.

First, finances overcome the bounds of circulation and redistribution service of the national money, although it is a fundamental foundation of finances. Also, development and application of the depreciation fund that will be the section of economic domain, goes never to the circulation and redistribution of the national money (of freshly shaped price throughout a year), but to the circulation of presently produced value.

This newest first appears to be part of price of main professional funds, later it is transferred to the cost price of a ready item (that is to the worthiness too) and after its understanding, and it is collection the depression fund. Its resource is taken under consideration beforehand as a depression sort in the consistence of the ready products and services price price.

Second, definitive goal of finances is significantly wider then “happiness of the state functions and obligations and provision of situations for the increased further production” ;.Finances exist on the state stage and also on the produces and branches’ stage also, and such situations, when the most part of the produces aren’t state.

Rodionova has a different position concerning this subject: true development of the economic sources begins on the period of circulation, when the worthiness is understood and cement economical forms of the understood price are separated from the consistence of the profit” ;.V. M. Rodionova makes an feature of finances, as circulating relations, when D. S.

Moliakov underlines professional foundation of finances. However equally of them provide really substantiate debate of finances, as a system of development, circulation and application of the funds of money options, that comes out from the following explanation of the finances:

Economic money relations, which types along the way of circulation and redistribution of the partial price of the national wealth and overall social item, is connected with the topics of the economy and development and application of the state money incomes and savings in the increased further generation, in the product stimulation of the individuals for pleasure of the society social and different requests.

Finances of the socialistic state symbolize economical (cash) relations, with the aid of which, in the way of in the pipeline circulation of the incomes and savings the funds of money resources of the state and socialistic produces are shaped for guaranteeing the development of the generation, growing the product and cultural amount of the people and for rewarding different normal society requests.

The system of creation and application of essential funds of money sources for guarantying socialistic increased further generation symbolize exactly the finances of the socialistic society. And the totality of economical relations arisen between state, produces and organizations, offices, regions and separate citizen in line with the movement of money funds produce economic relations” ;.

Finance, Credit, Investments – Economical Categories

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